A fertility procedure, where the donor's sperms are released into the female's uterine cavity/cervix. The semen from donor (who donates sperm) is collected through masturbation/sperm retrieval process. The semen is processed and washed to separate the healthy, motile sperms to be concentrated in high volume. Through a catheter (thin, flexible tube), the washed sperms are injected into the uterus and left there to fertilize the egg.
A fertilization process where the embryo developed in laboratory is placed inside surrogate mother's uterus. The egg and sperm of the partner/donor are collected and fertilised in the laboratory. With medications, the selected surrogate mother's uterine linings are stimulated to hold an embryo. Once the embryo is developed, it is placed inside the surrogate mother's uterus using a catheter (thin tube like device) guided by ultrasound imaging.
It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure where extracted women's egg is mixed with sperm and injected immediately into her fallopian tube. The female egg is extracted by a process called follicle aspiration and the male sperm is collected from sperm extraction procedure. Both the egg and sperm are mixed in a laboratory/petri dish. Through an incision in women's abdomen, the mixed sperm and egg are placed inside the fallopian tube using a laparoscope device (a telescope like device with camera).
A diagnostic procedure, where blocked/narrowed fallopian tube is examined. Through vaginal opening, a catheter (a thin tube) is guided by a X-ray (fluoroscopy) device to reach the uterus. A special dye/contrast agent is injected into the uterine cavity. This dye enhances the details of X-ray images, which helps to locate the blockage/narrowing of the fallopian tube.
A specialised form of IVF procedure, where the male's sperm is injected directly into the female egg. First, the eggs are harvested from the ovaries by follicle aspiration process. During this procedure the egg is held in position by a holding pipette. A single sperm is collected by an ICSI micropipette (has a tiny sharp hollow needle) and is carefully injected into the center of the egg called cytoplasm. This sperm fertilizes the egg to a hatching embryo.
A fertilization procedure, which takes place in three stages. In the first stage called follicle aspiration (harvesting egg from ovary), an ultrasound probe with a thin needle is guided through the vaginal opening to reach the ovary. The suction device in the needle collects several eggs from the ovary. Then the collected egg is fertilised with male sperm in a laboratory. When the egg is fertilised to a hatched embryo, it is transferred to the uterus using a catheter inserted through the vaginal opening.
A fertility procedure, where the sperms are released into the female's uterine cavity/cervix. The partner's semen is collected through masturbation/sperm retrieval process. The semen is processed and washed to separate the healthy, motile sperms to be concentrated in high volume. Through a catheter (thin, flexible tube), the washed sperms are injected into the uterus and left there to fertilize the egg.
A sperm harvesting/aspiration procedure, where male's sperms are extracted from his epididymis (a tube connects testicles to vas deferens in testicles). A syringe with tiny needle is injected into the skin of the scrotum and the epididymis in testicles is accessed. Then the epididymal fluids inside the epididymis are sucked out by the syringe. The extracted fluids are examined under a microscope to find the healthy sperms for fertilization process.
A minimally invasive surgery, where damaged/diseased fallopian tubes are removed. Through a small incision in the navel/belly button, a catheter is guided to reach the fallopian tubes using ultrasound/X-ray imaging. The blocked area is opened by a balloon instrument (which inflates) attached in the catheter.
A microsurgical procedure where the reconnect/unblock the vas deferens (a tubular structure which carries sperms from testicles to penis). Through an incision in the scrotum the vas deference is accessed and the fluid from its end is examined for presence of sperms. If the sperms are found, then the cut ends are connected and micro sutures are made to attach them closely. This helps the sperms to reach the penis through vas deferens.